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316L Stainless Steel Cross Design: Unveiling the Superior Qualities and Applications

27 January 2024

When seeking a distinctive addition to your everyday earring assortment, consider threader earrings (also known as pull-through earrings). These earrings boast a delicate chain looped on one end, often adorned with decorative elements like pearls or arrowheads. The slender chains can be worn through a single piercing or threaded through multiple earlobe piercings for a playful layered effect.

The surge in popularity of these distinctive 316L stainless steel dangling cross designs can be attributed in part to their celebrity following, with notable figures such as Scarlett Johansson, Kendall Jenner, and Anna Kendrick showcasing this trending jewelry style.

Corrosion Resistance

316L stainless steel unequal cross-pipe fittings are used to connect pipes in chemical processing, mining, power generation, and other demanding environments. They have exceptional corrosion resistance and are suitable for use in a wide range of temperatures, making them ideal for many different applications.

The molybdenum content in Type 316 makes it resistant to many types of acid. This is useful for handling hot organic and fatty acids that are corrosive to other stainless steel grades. It also offers good resistance to boiling 20% phosphoric acid, an important feature for food and pharmaceutical industries.

However, this grade is not immune to stress corrosion cracking (SCC), which can occur in environments containing halides. In addition, short-duration heating at elevated temperatures, such as welding and stress relief, can promote SCC at welds and heat-affected zones in susceptible alloys.

To minimize the risk of SCC, 316L SS must be properly heat treated during forming and welding. This includes solution annealing in the range of 1900 to 2150°F followed by air or water quenching, depending on the section thickness. This removes precipitated chromium carbides and maintains the optimum corrosion resistance of the steel.

It is also critical to select the right welding process and equipment for 316L SS when forming or machining. This will help to ensure that the welds are sound and will not fail due to intergranular corrosion. This is especially important in the case of Type 316L welds that will be exposed to corrosive conditions after welding.

To increase the corrosion resistance of 316L SS in aggressive environments, researchers have engineered and tested effective anti-corrosive epoxy polymer coatings containing carbon soot nanoparticles. The particles were derived from waste polyolefin plastics and coated on a 316L SS substrate using a controlled pneumatic fluid atomization technique. The morphology of the coatings was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The corrosion protection capability of the deposited coatings was evaluated in aggressive chlorine-containing environments by Tafel polarization plots and natural salt spray tests.

Mechanical Properties

316L is a versatile stainless steel that can be used in all industries. High durability and excellent corrosion resistance make it suitable for many environments. It can also withstand high temperatures and maintain structural integrity when exposed to chemical contaminants. This is important for applications where the environment can affect weld performance and the heat-affected zone. The low carbon content of 316L also improves intergranular corrosion resistance, especially in weld areas.

Another advantage of 316L is its excellent creep and tensile strength. This makes it useful in applications with high temperatures and pressures, such as exhaust systems and heat exchangers. 316L is also highly resistant to sulfuric acid and offers outstanding resistance to pitting and cracking corrosion.

Because of its superior mechanical properties, 316L is often used in applications where it will be subjected to heavy loads or vibrations. It is also easy to machine and fabricate, although it is more sensitive to stress rupture than some other grades of stainless steel. 316L is also an attractive material due to its visual appeal.

316L can be used in a wide range of environments, from the depths of the ocean to the intricacies of medical devices. However, if not properly engineered, 316L can present design challenges that must be carefully evaluated to ensure optimal performance and manufacturing efficiency.

The yield strength and elongation of SLM-fabricated 316L are similar to those of wrought stainless steel. However, for some applications, the elongation values of austenitic 316L manufactured by SLM are insufficient. Microstructural flaws like pores and cracks, which have a significant impact on the material’s properties, are most likely to blame for this.

The purpose of this work is to compare the oxidation behavior, oxide scale thickness, and microstructure development of commercially available wrought 316L stainless steel with an L-PBF additively made 316L SS at elevated temperatures under air oxidizing circumstances. In addition, hot tensile tests are conducted on both materials at high temperatures to ascertain their tensile characteristics and investigate their impact on the alloys’ ductility. The tensile results show that the 316L SS manufactured by L-PBF displays. The tensile results reveal that the L-PBF-fabricated 316L SS exhibits better mechanical properties than the wrought 316L SS, even after undergoing heat treatment at elevated temperatures.


316L stainless steel is the standard for body jewelry due to its durability, resistance to corrosion and tarnish, and hypo-allergenic nature. It also has a bright, satin finish that resists fingerprints and stains and does not require special maintenance.

This attention-grabbing Cobblestone pattern cross pendant is crafted from solid, 316L surgical-grade stainless steel. Enjoy the lustrous beauty of stainless without the hefty price tag.

Steeped in ancient religious and tribal cultures this Gothic Cross Dog Tag Pendant brings a dark, mythical flamboyance to your style. Surgical grade 316L stainless steel will not rust, corrode, or discolor and is completely safe to wear and bio-compatible.